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Sherman is one of the few really iconic fighting vehicles of the Allies during World War Two, and one of the most famous tanks in history. It remains by far the most widely used tank on the Allied side during the war. It was derived into countless derivatives and had a very long postwar career which lasted well into the Cold War.
It has been largely compared to the T, and had the occasion to confront some during the Korean War. Hello, dear reader! This article is quite old and scheduled for careful proofreading and re-editing. If you spot anything out of place, please let us know! However, the Sherman was not as successful as it seemed.
It was designed from the very beginning for mass-production. Cheap and relatively simple to build, easy to maintain, reliable, roomy, sturdy, fast, well-armored and well-armed, it was the good-all-around armored vehicle the Allies had sought for untilwhen it first arrived on the North African front.
It literally soldiered in every corner of the globe, under many colors, from to the end of the war. ByGreat Britain had found itself desperately short on tanks. Some were provided through the freshly signed Lend-Lease agreement. At the same time, the US Army, fully learning from the shock caused by the Blitzkrieg in Western Europe, was in the process of emergency modernization of its equipment. The M4 was, in fact, the type of medium tank the US industry was not yet prepared to build in earlywhich led to the intermediate M3 Lee.
The latter was to be equipped with a fully revolving turret at first, but the urge in production imposed the choice of a transitional, yet unsatisfactory solution, a 75 mm 2.
So, by late Augustas the M3 production started, work was started on the T6 Medium Tankthe prototype of what would become the Sherman. The running gear comprised three sets of bogies, each with two paired large rubber-covered roadwheels, a rear adjustable track idler wheel and front drive sprocket connected to the gearbox, and three return rollers.
The links track was of the standard model, first used on the M1 Combat Car back inalthough reinforced and modified to minimize ground pressure. The Continental R engine was an air-cooled, gasoline radial engine delivering hp kW at rpm.
It was fed by two tanks totaling l gal of gasoline, which gave around km of practical range about miles.The 7.
With 23, examples produced, the Pak 40 formed the backbone of German anti-tank guns for the later part of World War II, mostly in towed form, but also on a number of tank destroyers such as the Marder series. A modified version of the gun designed specifically for vehicle-mounting was the 7.
The KwK 40 armed many of the German mid-war tank and destroyer designs, replacing the Pak 40 in the latter role. Depending on the source, the Pak 40 may be referred to as the 7. There were two versions of the KwK 40, which would be referred to as the 7.
Development of the Pak 40 began after reports of new Soviet tank designs began to reach Berlin in The 5 cm Pak 38 was still in testing at this point, but it appeared it would not be powerful enough to deal with these newer designs.
Contracts were placed with Krupp and Rheinmetall to develop what was essentially a 7. However, while the Pak 38 made extensive use of light alloys to reduce overall gun weight, these were now earmarked for the Luftwaffe. To simplify production, the Pak 38's curved gun shield was replaced by one using three flat plates. The project was initially given low priority, but following the invasion of the USSR in and the appearance of heavily armoured Soviet tanks such as the T and KV-1it was given an increased priority.
The first pre-production guns were delivered in November The Pak 40 was the standard German anti-tank gun until the end of the war, and was supplied by Germany to its allies.
75mm gun M2–M6
Some captured guns were used by the Red Army. The unit manufacturing cost amounted to 2, man-hours at 12, RM. The weapon was effective against almost every Allied tank until the end of the war, only struggling to penetrate heavier vehicles like the Russian IS tanksthe American M4A3E2 Sherman 'Jumbo' and M26 Pershingand later variants of the British Churchill tank.
The Pak 40 was much heavier than the Pak 38; its decreased mobility meant that it was difficult or even impossible to move without an artillery tractor on boggy ground.
In addition, there was an APCR shot Panzergranate 40 for the Pak 40, a munition which - reliant on supplies of tungsten - eventually became very scarce. The longer cartridge case of the Pak 40 allowed a larger charge to be used and a higher velocity for the PzGr 39 armour-piercing capped ballistic cap round to be achieved.
The only 75mm fighting vehicle gun in general use by Germany that possessed a longer barrel than the Pak 40, the 7.The 7. Development of recoilless weapons by Rheinmetall began in in an effort to provide airborne troops with heavy support weapons that could be dropped by parachute. Both Krupp and Rheinmetall competed for production contracts in a contest that was won by the latter.
One characteristic common to all the German recoilless guns, was that they used ordinary shells, albeit with a different cartridge to cater to the unique issues involved in the recoilless principles. This gun used HE shells from the 7. This meant that its ammunition could not be optimized to benefit from the peculiar ballistic characteristics of recoilless weapons. On the other hand, it saved significant research time and effort and meant that existing production lines and stocks of shells could be used at a considerable saving.
The gas expelled through the venturi of the firing mechanism could cause fouling in the mechanism itself, but fixing this required a redesign of the entire breech and was deemed not worth disrupting the production line or rebuilding the existing guns.
The second problem was more serious in that the mounting began to shake itself apart after about rounds were fired. This was principally caused by the torque imparted to the mount when the shell engaged the rifling as well as by the erosion of the nozzles by the combustion gases.
These could be countered by welding vanes inside the nozzles that were curved in a direction opposite to the rifling which would then counteract the torque exerted by the shell and minimizing the stress on the gun mount. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Type of Recoilless gun. Infantry, mountain, and airborne guns. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco. German artillery of World War II. Stielgranate 41 Stielgranate Hidden categories: Articles with short description Commons category link is on Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk.They were primarily mounted on tanks but were also mounted on the B Mitchell medium bomber aircraft. There were four variants used during the war: M2M3M5and M6. They were considered the standard American tank guns.
The M3 was also used on a prototype medium tank. The tank and field guns fired the same range of 75xR ammunition.
SQ was the standard setting, with PD used against structures, gun positions or lightly protected vehicles. This, which was essentially a giant shotgun shell full of large numbers of steel balls, was used primarily in the Pacific. There was also the M89 base-ejecting hexachloroethane HC smoke round and the M64 white phosphorus WP or "Willy Pete" round, which proved highly effective in the bocage fighting around Normandy.
The first armor-piercing round was the 6. The M72 was replaced by the 6. The blunt armor-piercing cap, made of a softer metal, helped to prevent shell shatter at higher velocities and against sloped and face-hardened armor. The aerodynamic ballistic cap acted as a windscreen and improved ballistic performance, maintained velocity, and hence increased penetration at longer ranges.
Once the projectile had penetrated the target, a small explosive charge contained in a cavity at the base of the shell would detonate, shattering the shell and increasing damage inside the enemy vehicle. The tracer helped in the aiming of a second shot. In practice, the majority of M61 rounds were shipped without the explosive filler.Artilleria - Citer 155mm y Bofors 75mm (EA)
The M61A1 used an improved method of attaching the ballistic cap to the shell. As tank guns, these had the great disadvantage of either not having a truly effective HE round or not having an HE round at all. Bythis had become the standard British tank gun, equipping the Cromwell tank and Churchill tank for the campaigns in northwest Europe. Experimental anti-aircraft gun based on the M field gun. Adaptation of the T6 for tank gun role. Used on the early M3 Lee.
Longer derivative of the M2. The US Army also experimented with mounting the M3 on various wheeled carriages for use as anti-tank gun, but the program was cancelled due to a lack of requirement.
It differs from the M3 gun, only in having a seat for the spline machined in the tube. It was mounted on the M6 mount. A lightweight version of the M3 with a lighter thin-walled barrel and a different recoil mechanism that was used in the Douglas A Invader and the BH Mitchell bomber. It uses the same ammunition and has the same ballistics as the M3. A version derived from the T13E1 for the M24 Chaffee.Carl, Australia Iceland Full Circle, May 2012 This was an excellent tour, the planning was unbelievable and the tour information excellent.
Linda, United States The Nordic Countries in a Nutshell, May 2012 This trip was everything I hoped for. Laura, United Kingdom Iceland Winter World, March 2012 Thank you.
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7.5 cm Pak 40
Adrian, United Kingdom South Iceland at Leisure, August 2011 The most enjoyable holiday we have been on. Amy and Greg, United States Iceland Complete, July 2011 We were thrilled and have already passed along your website to friends. Mel, United States Iceland Full Circle, July 2011 Hi Erla and Bjorg, I just wanted to drop you a quick note to let you know what a wonder time we had because you did such a good job setting up our trip. Brandy and Uei, United States Iceland Full Circle, May 2011 Dear Maria.
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Laura Family Adventure in Reykjavik, October 2015 It was a fantastic holiday. We all enjoyed it and did not want to leave. Myra Icefjord Adventure, August 2014 Hotel Icefjord was great.
David and Shelley Iceland Winter World, October 2014 We have already shared your website address with many friends, and have spoken highly about our trip, and the great service we received. Cameron Romance Around Iceland, June 2014 My wife and I just returned from 10 fabulous and exciting days in Iceland and can't say enough about the arrangements made by Nordic Visitor and Erla, in particular.
Jennifer Kleinman The Classic Scandinavian Roundtrip, July 2015. Jennifer Kleinman, United States Lucia Tolosa, United States Golden Circle and South Coast, November 2017 Kathleen Quaas, Canada Exotic Hideaways - Winter, October 2017 We had a great experience and would recommend Nordic Visitor to friends and family.
Carolyn Mitchell City Sights and Nature's Delights, September 2017 Well organized and efficient services. David Nutini, United States Iceland Full Circle, September 2017 We were very happy with our whole experience with Nordic Visitor.
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Mina R Schwartz, United States The Classic Fjords Route, August 2017 It was an extremely well planned tour, the mapping was clear and distances reasonable. Jan Aslaksen, United States South and West in Detail, August 2017 We had a very good experience. Margaret Sullivan Iceland Full Circle, August 2017 Overall, I'm really happy that my mom found Nordic Visitor and recommended that we book our honeymoon through this company.
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Sally, United States The Norwegian Highlights, August 2015 Tour full of variety. A wonderful recommendation for Norway. SS514, United States Iceland Full Circle, August 2015 We took the 10 self-drive tour of Iceland in August, and it was an amazing experience.
SJHoenig, United States South Iceland at Leisure, August 2015 Just got back from a 7 day tour of southern Iceland organized by NordicVisitor. Hryzko The Natural Wonders of Iceland, July 2015 We joined the Nordic Visitor tour party on the 25rd July following two days in Reykjavik on our own. Mal, United Kingdom Iceland Full Circle, July 2015 A friend and I (who live in Australia and UK respectively) were keen to do a self drive tour of Iceland as we could have autonomy and flexibility and avoid the tour bus hordes.
Iceland is a Josie, Puerto Rico Iceland Grand Tour, July 2015 Not only did Nordic Visitor delivered on everything that was needed, all the extra tours that were booked by them exceeded our expectations. Barry, United Kingdom Fjord Tour with Pulpit Rock, July 2015 Charles, United States Ultimate Journey of Norway, July 2015 Overall, we had a wonderful time and saw a lot of beautiful scenery. Michelle, United States Custom Booking, July 2015 Cicci, was wonderful from the beginning, she was very patient with us while we made arrangements for our specialized tour.
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We would have no hesitation in using Nordic Visitor again Andrey, United States Iceland Grand Tour, July 2015 Hafdis was very professional and helpful throughout the process. Karen, United States Iceland Complete, July 2015 Fantastic experience.
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And we had non stop destinations of wonder Annie, Canada Majestic Highlights of Norway, June 2015 Norway was simply spectacularly beautiful. Hazel, United Kingdom Norway Complete, June 2015 Everything was well organised and ran smoothly. Heather, United Kingdom South Iceland at Leisure, June 2015 We had a great holiday and we were delighted with all the arrangements that Nordic Visitor made for us which all went to plan.
Debbie, Canada Iceland Full Circle, June 2015 Thank goodness for the phone that was provided. Rheta, Canada Iceland Full Circle, June 2015 I would like to thank Hafdis for her assistance in our trip planning.
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Nilima, India Lapland - Land of the Midnight Sun, June 2015 Day tours were excellent, guide and service was excellent Lapland is beautiful. Nancy, United States South Iceland at Leisure, June 2015 We used Larus at Nordic Visitors to arrange a weeklong tour of Reykjavik and the Southern Coast of Iceland.
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Mitch and Sue, United Kingdom The Classic Fjords Route, May 2015 The 'pack' sent to us prior to the holiday had some very useful additional information which helped us decide on extra sites we wanted to see. Andrea, United States Iceland Full Circle, May 2015 All of the guesthouses that we stayed at were amazing (most notably Guesthouse Nonni, Hrifunes Guesthouse, and Gest-Inn Guesthouse).
Heather, Canada South Iceland at Leisure, May 2015 All the guest houses were unique and we enjoyed each for different reasons. Annette, United Kingdom South Iceland at Leisure, May 2015 All hotels were great, and we seemed to have the best rooms they had available. Danielle, United Kingdom Iceland Grand Tour, May 2015 The accommodation all nights was good, clean and with a friendly welcome. Vin, Australia Iceland Full Circle - Winter, April 2015 We would like to thank Erna for being responsive, informative and very helpful from the time of our first enquiry about the tour, through all our time in Iceland, especially the efficient way she dealt with having to change our itinerary when we were delayed by weather.
James, United Kingdom Iceland Winter World, March 2015 This was the first time we visited Iceland and booked with Nordic Visitor. Stephen Young, United States South Iceland at Leisure - Winter, March 2015 The itinerary was easy to follow and very helpful. Julie, United States Pearls of the South and West - Winter, March 2015 We love Larus at Nordic Visitor.What are the terms and conditions for the bet365 new customer offer.
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7.5 cm Leichtgeschütz 40
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