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Zemlyanka military antiques. Uniforms, headgear Russian Empire. Uniforms, headgear. Parts: for swords, dirks; accessories 69 Russian Imperial fleet Uniforms, headgear 65 Headgear equipment Belt buckles, belts 35 St. George awards 37 Awards, badges Firing tokens RIA 28 Epaulettes, shoulder straps and collar tabs 63 Fieldgear, interior 87 Technical devices, optics 29 Books, documents Photos of soldiers Photos of officiers Photos of civilians Regimental plates 88 Magazines, Newspapers 47 Buttons Literature for the collector 63 Quartermaster card 26 Gramophone records 16 Coins, coupons 32 Post-cards Sorting by: Date Price lowest first Price highest first Name.
Cap cap the lower ranks of the infantry, artillery and sapper, gg. Breeches of the don Cossack army officer. Aiguillette of the lower ranks of the Guards field gendarmerie squadron. Adjutantti the Russian officer aiguillette. Hat zuidvelde that comes with a waterproof dress of a sailor REEF. French officer of cavalry during the First World war. Circassian Caucasian type. The cap of don Cossack troops during WWI. Bronze Scythian helmet. Russian breastplate of the sample ofdonated by Emperor Alexander I to the Prussian cuirassiers.
Helmet Russian Jaeger, — gg. Shako officer of the Guards, — gg. Shako officer of the Life guard Dragoon regiment style— Cap cap a naval officer of a sample ofa copy of. The uniform of a student of Konstantin surveying Institute arr. Field officer uniform during the First World war. The uniform of the army officer corps sample Although this article is based on canonical information, the actual name of this subject is pure conjecture. Content approaching.
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Various uniforms were worn by the officers and technicians of the martial forces of the Galactic Empire. Officers wore a gaberwool uniform consisting of a double-breasted tunic with a round collar and matching trousers, a pair of black boots, a belt and often times a kepi cap. Due to the nature of technicians' work, they wore more lightweight boilersuits, again with a belt and command cap.My Beloved Country(Russian Imperial Army in WW1)
While free of medals and battle ribbons, officer's uniforms could feature a rank insignia plaque and up to four code cylinders in specifically designed pockets on the front of the tunic. Both uniforms could have officer's disks on both the belt buckle and command cap. They were designed as a replacement for the uniforms that had carried over from the previous government, the Galactic Republic. These designs remained in use for over two decadesbut were eventually replaced when the Empire transitioned into the First Order.
At the conclusion of the Clone WarsSupreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine abolished the democratic Republic he presided over, reorganizing it into a First Galactic Empire with him as absolute ruler.
Grand Admirals were distinguished by their white uniforms and golden shoulder boards. General Veers wearing armor over his tunic. The uniform jacket was a short skirted double breasted tunic  made of gaberwool  that fastened with snap closures on the inside. When closed, the tunic had a vertical left over right closure,  when its Clone Wars predecessor extended across the chest on one side and across the midsection on the other.
Common additions to the uniform could include a kepi cap  and a belt, both featuring an officer's disk. Some officers also wore black gloves,  or even a cape. Director Krennic wearing an additional layer on the rainy planet Eadu.
While the standard-issue uniforms were made of a gray-green fabric, there existed several variants of different colors, such as a black variant worn by noncoms  and Stormtrooper officers.However, the entire rank system was also closely connected to the Russian military traditions.
In the aftermath of the Russian Revolutionthe Red Army abolished the entire Imperial system of ranks and rank insignia, while military units and formations of the opposing White movement retained the Imperial rank system until The following ranks and their respective insignia were also used by the personnel of the Imperial Russian Air Service from to The following shoulder board insignias of the Imperial Army used by specific units and cadet corps are illustrated below:.
The Imperial Russian Navy of the Russian Empire, had been established at the end of the 17th century under the regency of Peter the Great and by the personal leadership of Franz Lefort. It existed until the October Revolution of Ranks similar to those of the Imperial Army were, beginning in the late 18th century, used by the coastal services of the Imperial Russian Navy.
The traditional shoulder rank insignia were replaced by golden sleeve strips for naval officers, admiralty officers, and naval engineers, as well as — after completion of mandatory examinations — praporshchiks and officers of the hydrographical service. Silver sleeve strips were introduced to officers of the admiralty staff, before completion of mandatory examinations, as well to ship engineers, officials of the naval administration and naval physicians with officer rank or status.
Both cuff insignias were used in uniforms with the executive curl. As discrimination criteria to specific appointments or assignments additional corps colours on the lower part of sleeve stripes was determinate:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Military ranks and insignia by country. List of comparative military ranks. Categories : Military ranks of Russia Military insignia. Hidden categories: Articles containing Russian-language text.
The Russian Imperial Army, Part 1
Viceadmiral Vitse-admiral. Rear admiral Kontr-admiral. Captain Navy Kapitan 1-go ranga. Commander Kapitan 2-go ranga. Lieutenant commander Kapitan-leytenant. Lieutenant naval after Starshi leytenant.
Sub-lieutenant Leytenant. Lieutenant general General-leytenant.Source: RIA Novosti. The decision was more a simple statement of fact, since by the end of the imperial army had virtually disintegrated. World War I had led both Russia and its army into a hopeless morass.
Russian soldiers refused to fight in the trenches and deserted in droves. With the outbreak of the Civil Warboth sides ordered the creation of new organized armed forces, with unified command and supply as well as standard uniforms. During the years of the World War I, the Tsarist government stockpiled huge amounts of military uniform, with no shortage of greatcoats, shirts and footwear.
If it wanted, the Red Army could have clothed several million troops at once.
Uniforms of the Russian Imperial Army
However, the main problem was that the White Russian forces were wearing those exact uniforms. Inthere were numerous instances when, during shifts in the front line, Red Army units only knew they were among the enemy when they started speaking with them. To identify friend or foe, the Red Army introduced a badge showing interwoven laurel twigs set on a red star.
A crossed hammer and plough emblem in the center underscored the kinship of the workers and peasants with the people. But the most distinctive and widespread element of the Bolshevik uniform was the budenovka felt cap, designed earlier as ceremonial wear for the anniversary parade of the still ruling Romanovs.
Intended to inspire the troops through association with legendary heroes of old, the pointed, brimmed budenovka had folded earflaps that buttoned under the chin in cold weather. A large star was sewn on its brow, dyed red for infantrymen, blue for cavalry and orange for the artillery. The Red Army was founded on very different ideological principles to the Tsarist forces.
There was now no place for an officer corps, which was regarded as a relic of authoritarianism. But since no army can exist without command, lead positions were retained under other names, for example a colonel became a komot — kommandir otdeleniaor squad leader; and a general became a komdivor division commander.
The highest former rank, marshal, became commander of the army. The last hurrah of the Russian imperial uniform. Rank was now denoted by the number of triangles, squares or diamonds sewn on shirt and overcoat sleeves and flaps, and these also varied in color depending on the military branch.In the early s, the Russian Army consisted of more thanregular soldiers and nearlyirregulars mostly Cossacks. The last living veteran of the Russian Imperial Army was Ukrainian supercentenarian Mikhail Krichevskywho died in Russian tsars before Peter the Great maintained professional hereditary musketeer corps known as streltsy.
These were originally raised by Ivan the Terrible ; originally an effective force, they had become highly unreliable and undisciplined. In times of war the armed forces were augmented by peasants. There were different kinds of regiments, such as the regularsdragoonsand reiters. Inthe Russians created two regular regiments in Moscow. During the Smolensk War of —, six more regular regiments, one reiter regiment, and a dragoon regiment were formed.
Initially, they recruited children of the landless boyars and streltsyvolunteers, Cossacks and others. Commanding officers comprised mostly foreigners. After the war with Poland, all of the regiments were disbanded. During another Russo-Polish Warthey were created again and became a principal force of the Russian Army. Often, regular and dragoon regiments were manned with datochniye lyudi for lifelong military service. Reiters were manned with small or landless gentry and boyars' children and were paid with money or lands for their service.
More than a half of the commanding officers were representatives from the gentry. In times of peace, some of the regiments were usually disbanded. Inthere were 33 regular regiments 61, men and 25 dragoon and reiter regiments 29, men. In the late 17th century, regiments of the new type represented more than a half of the Russian Army and in the beginning of the 18th century were used for creating a regular army. Conscription in Russia was introduced by Peter the Great in December though reports say Peter's father also used it.
The conscripts were called "recruits" not to be confused with voluntary army recruitment,  which did not appear until the early 20th century. Peter formed a modern regular army built on the German model, but with a new aspect: officers not necessarily from nobilityas talented commoners were given promotions that eventually included a noble title at the attainment of an officer's rank such promotions were later abolished during the reign of Catherine the Great.
Conscription of peasants and townspeople was based on quota system, per settlement. Initially it was based on the number of households, later it was based on the population numbers.
The term of service in the 18th century was for life.Uniforms and Equipment Buttons Braids and Cords. Embroidery Award badges and medals. Head Gear. Cockades and accesories. Police russian empire. Cavalry russian empire. Belts And Buckles. Wool, braids, cotton.
General shoulder boards. Shoulder boards and Collar tabs Officers. Stars, emblems for shoulder boards. Letter and numbers cyphers for borards. Shoulder Boards Emblem Numbers. Holsters and field equipment. Sword Knots. ID, Books, Personal Items. Uniforms Insignia red army. National formations insignia Red army Airforce insignia NKVD insignia. RKM militia-police insignia Red Fire dept insignia Military trains red army insignia VOSO. Russian White Army Russian white army awards. ID's Personal documents.
NKVD uniforms. Generals and Marshals of Soviet Union. Headgear, helmets. Sign of the distinction of the Red Army until Insignia NKVD. RKM police militia insignia.
Shoulder board stars and insignia. Buttons for uniforms.The primary responsibilities of the Russian Ground Forces are the protection of the state borders, combat on land, the security of occupied territories, and the defeat of enemy troops.
The Ground Forces must be able to achieve these goals both in nuclear war and non-nuclear war, especially without the use of weapons of mass destruction. Furthermore, they must be capable of protecting the national interests of Russia within the framework of its international obligations. The Main Command of the Ground Forces is officially tasked with the following objectives: . As the Soviet Union dissolved, efforts were made to keep the Soviet Armed Forces as a single military structure for the new Commonwealth of Independent States.
However, once it became clear that Ukraine and potentially the other republics was determined to undermine the concept of joint general purpose forces and form their own armed forces, the new Russian government moved to form its own armed forces.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree forming the Russian Ministry of Defence on 7 Mayestablishing the Russian Ground Forces along with the other branches of the military.
Thirty-seven divisions had to be withdrawn from the four groups of forces and the Baltic States, and four military districts—totalling 57 divisions—were handed over to Belarus and Ukraine. For the dissolving Soviet Ground Forces, the withdrawal from the former Warsaw Pact states and the Baltic states was an extremely demanding, expensive, and debilitating process. However, the facilities in those districts were inadequate to house the flood of personnel and equipment returning from abroad, and many units "were unloaded from the rail wagons into empty fields.
Later one commentator said it was "hastily" put together by the General Staff "to satisfy the public demand for radical changes.
The reform plan advocated a change from an Army-Division-Regiment structure to a Corps-Brigade arrangement. The new structures were to be more capable in a situation with no front line, and more capable of independent action at all levels. Cutting out a level of command, omitting two out of three higher echelons between the theatre headquarters and the fighting battalions, would produce economies, increase flexibility, and simplify command-and-control arrangements. The new brigades that appeared were mostly divisions that had broken down until they happened to be at the proposed brigade strengths.
New divisions—such as the new 3rd Motor Rifle Division in the Moscow Military Districtformed on the basis of disbanding tank formations—were formed, rather than new brigades. Few of the reforms planned in the early s eventuated, for three reasons: Firstly, there was an absence of firm civilian political guidance, with President Yeltsin primarily interested in ensuring that the Armed Forces were controllable and loyal, rather than reformed.
Finally, there was no firm consensus within the military about what reforms should be implemented. General Pavel Grachevthe first Russian Minister of Defence —96broadly advertised reforms, yet wished to preserve the old Soviet-style Army, with large numbers of low-strength formations and continued mass conscription.
The General Staff and the armed services tried to preserve Soviet era doctrines, deployments, weapons, and missions in the absence of solid new guidance. British military expert, Michael Orr, claims that the hierarchy had great difficulty in fully understanding the changed situation, due to their education. As graduates of Soviet military academiesthey received great operational and staff training, but in political terms they had learned an ideology, rather than a wide understanding of international affairs.
Thus, the generals—focused on NATO expansion in Eastern Europe—could not adapt themselves and the Armed Forces to the new opportunities and challenges they faced. The Russian Ground Forces reluctantly became involved in the Russian constitutional crisis of after President Yeltsin issued an unconstitutional decree dissolving the Russian Parliament, following its resistance to Yeltsin's consolidation of power and his neo-liberal reforms.
A group of deputies, including Vice President Alexander Rutskoibarricaded themselves inside the parliament building. While giving public support to the President, the Armed Forces, led by General Grachev, tried to remain neutral, following the wishes of the officer corps.
When the attack was finally mounted, forces from five different divisions around Moscow were used, and the personnel involved were mostly officers and senior non-commissioned officers. The Chechen people had never willingly accepted Russian rule. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Chechens declared independence in Novemberunder the leadership of a former Air Forces officer, General Dzhokar Dudayev.
A Security Council meeting was held 29 Novemberwhere Yeltsin ordered the Chechens to disarm, or else Moscow would restore order. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev assured Yeltsin that he would "take Grozny with one airborne assault regiment in two hours.
The operation began on 11 December and, by 31 December, Russian forces were entering Groznythe Chechen capital. The st Motor Rifle Brigade was ordered to make a swift push for the centre of the city, but was then virtually destroyed in Chechen ambushes. After finally seizing Grozny amid fierce resistance, Russian troops moved on to other Chechen strongholds.