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Wide Flange beams have flanges that are nearly parallel to the web of the material unlike the traditional I-Beam.
WIDE FLANGE BEAM CALCULATOR
Wide Flange can be found in many structural applications such as bridges and buildings. We offer many different sizes, lengths and specifications for Wide Flange Beams.
This specification covers shapes for welded, riveted, or bolted construction but intended primarily for use in welded bridges and buildings where savings in weight or added durability is important. The atmospheric corrosion resistance of this steel in most environments is substantially better than that of carbon steels with or without copper addition. This specification covers rolled shapes for use in building framing or bridges, or for general structural purposes.
W4 13 4. W5 16 5. BA in. Wide Flange Beams. Wide Flange Beams October 18, June 28, 1. This specification covers shapes of structural quality for use in riveted, bolted, or welded construction of bridges and buildings, and for general structural purposes.
This specification covers five grades of high-strength low-alloy shapes intended for riveted, bolted, or welded construction of bridges, or for other construction applications. This specification covers shapes, and bars intended for use in bridges. Seven grades are available in four yield strengths. Wide Flange Beam Sizes. Processing, Our Capabilities. Through our global transportation network, we can customize our supply chain to get you your order in the most efficient way possible.
View Our Capabilities. We have the ability to produce engineered-to-order parts that meet your specifications. We process sheet and coil to meet your dimensional and tolerance requirements. Services Structural Processing Plate Processing. Credit Application Canada. Job Info Form.Specify beam geometry and loads to get started analysing the beam. The beam calculator automatically uses ClearCalcs' powerful finite element analysis engine to determine moment, shear, and deflection as you work.
Want more? Create a ClearCalcs account to unlock beam design for timber, steel, and concrete, as well as advanced features including load tracking and project export. Moment Demand. Shear Demand. Length of Beam. Young's Modulus. Area of Cross Section. Moment of Inertia. Experience the full power of ClearCalcs with a 14 day free trial and start being more productive.
The ClearCalcs beam calculator allows the user to input the geometry and loading of a beam for analysis in a few simple steps. It then determines bending moment, shear and deflection diagrams, and maximum demands using a powerful finite element analysis engine. Signing up for a ClearCalcs account will unlock further advanced features for design and analysis of beams and a variety of other structural elements.
Area of the Cross-Section is specific to the beam section selected, and is defaulted to the values for a common steel beam. Second Moment of Area or Moment of Inertia is also specific to the beam section selected, and again defaulted to the properties of a common steel beam. The properties E, A, and Ix for other beam sections can be obtained from the ClearCalcs section properties library. Alternately, you can create your own custom section using our free moment of inertia calculator.
Position of Supports from Left allow the user to input any number of supports, and specify their position along the length of the beam. The support type can either be pinned fixed in translation, free in rotation or fixed fixed in both translation and rotation and is selected from the drop-down menu.
A minimum of one fixed support, or two pinned supports are required. The beam calculator also allows cantilever spans at each end, as the position of the first support does not have to be equal to 0mm and the last support position does not have to be equal to the length of the beam.
The reactions at each of the supports are automatically updated as supports are added, changed or deleted, based on the specified loading. The calculator supports a variety of different loading types which can be applied in combination. Each load can be named by the user. Two different types can be applied in the calculator:.Wide Flange Beam Calculator for wide flange beam dimensions and section properties including second area moment of inertia, section modulus and radius of gyration.
The wide flange beam W shape is a structural steel shape with I or H form. Top and bottom plates of a I beam are named as flanges and the vertical plate which connects the flanges is named as web. In wide flange I beams, flanges are nearly parallel to each other.
Wide flange beams are most commonly used structural steel shape in construction works. Materials of wide flange beams are generally structural steels such as A36, A, A and A The designation of the wide flange beam gives information about the width and weight per unit length. For example W12 X 96 means 12 inches depth and 96 pounds per foot weight per unit length.
Depth values are generally approximate. For W12 x 96, actual depth value is Therefore the actual depth value is a dimension that must be checked while designing a structural steel system. Fillet radius may vary from structural steel fabricator to fabricator but the effect of this change on sectional properties will be minor. Unit System. Nominal Depth.
Weight in pounds per foot. Weight per unit length [W]. Cross section area [A]. Depth [d]. Web thickness [t w ]. Flange width [b f ]. Flange thickness [t f ]. Second moment of area [I xx ]. Second moment of area [I yy ]. Section modulus [S xx ]. Section modulus [S yy ]. Radius of gyration [r x ]. Radius of gyration [r y ].Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro.
We don't collect information from our users. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience. Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server.
Citation This page can be cited as Engineering ToolBox, Modify access date. Scientific Online Calculator. Make Shortcut to Home Screen?Designing a steel beam is not as complicated as you may think.
There are essentially 6 Steps to design most steel beams:. Material - Choose the appropriate grade of steel for the beam you will be designing. Shape - Select the shape of steel beam you would like to design. Span - Enter the distance you are trying to span. Bracing - Not to be overlooked! Bracing is critical in determining the capacity of a beam. Load - Enter loads based on their type and load case. Select the method you would like to use and specify deflection limits.
In the WebStructural beam design app each of these steps has an associated icon to allow you to efficiently work through the design process. There are many different grades of steel, but usually one common grade for each shape type. There are also many different shape types used in steel construction including: W, HSS, C, and angles to name a few.
One of the most commonly used shape types for I-beams in steel construction is the W wide flange shape. W Shapes are usually made from Grade A steel. For our example, we'll be designing a W shape steel I-beam. Let's start by selecting the appropriate material for this shape. Click the "Edit material Next, let's select our W shape from WebStructural's extensive shape library. Click the "Edit shape This beam is roughly 8" deep or tallthat's the first number in the shape name.
Typically, the lighter the beam, the less it will cost, so to design the most cost-effective beam, you'll want to choose one that weighs the least but meets your design criteria.
After we enter all the design criteria and analyze our beam, we can always change the shape and material if it's not adequate for our loads demand. Span Span is the distance between points of support for a beam.
A beam is often just a single span supported at both ends. However, that's not always the case.
Beams can be supported anywhere along their length or they can be cantilevered beyond their end supports. To add or edit span length in WebStructural, simply click Edit spans For our example, add a span to the right and make it 4'-0".
Adjust the first span to equal 12'-0".
Free Beam Calculator
Beam support conditions can also be changed in WebStructural by simply clicking on a support the gray triangle under the beam. Cliking a support will toggle through three support types support conditions : Pinned, Fixed, or Free.
For our example, change the right most support to Free by clicking the right-most gray triangle in the drawing. This will create a cantilever overhang on the right side of the beam. Bracing is an incredibly important, yet often overlooked aspect of beam design. When a beam is bent, tension and compression forces are introduced. For a simple span beam one spanning between two pinned supportsthe top of the beam will be in compression.
It is these compression forces that can cause a beam to buckled out-of-plane called lateral torsional buckling or LTB. To understand this type of buckling, think of compressing a short ruler between your hands.Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro.
We don't collect information from our users. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience. Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. We don't save this data.
Search the Engineering ToolBox. Privacy We don't collect information from our users. Citation This page can be cited as Engineering ToolBox, Modify access date. Scientific Online Calculator.
Make Shortcut to Home Screen?Steel I-beams, sometimes known as the H-beam, Universal Beam, or double T, is one of the most used components in construction and in engineering. Its name derived from how it looks like in a cross section, these beams have been designed to offer sound structural support for construction. Each steel I-beam is comprised of two parts, the flange which is the horizontal element, 2 of this on each beam, and the web which is the vertical element.
These elements offer resistance from pressures like bending and shear. The industrial boom of the s has paved the way for pioneers in the construction industry to design the I-beam.
In the US, it was the company Bethlehem Steel that was the leading steel supplier especially during the mid th century, their wide-flange structural shapes offered greater resistance to tension and compression which enabled with more challenging designs, thus ushering in the age of skyscrapers. Decades after, steel beam prices in the US have been considerably affected by steep international competition, despite strict import quotas by the government and export restraints, companies like Bethlehem Steel eventually closed down due to its failure to adapt newer technologies offered by other companies in the world and failure to adapt to newer design demands, mostly for low-rise buildings which did not require the higher grades that skyscrapers would.
Now in modern days, there are more variations to the design of an I-beam offering varying resistance to all sorts of structural pressure. As most projects, I-beams are still preferred.
Steel beams follow an international standard, it is the industry standard that requires steel to be produced from sturdier materials than in the past. A is the most common, offering yield strength of about 42, to 60, psi. Steel beam prices are mostly regulated all over the world.
One main consideration for the buyer before ordering is the size needed for the beam, the size and dimension are derived from the size of the project that will be constructed as well as the load that the structure would need to withstand.
To know more about the structural function of I-beams, you can check this link: The I-beam shape. I- Beam prices will be calculated according to its dimensions width, length, height through these the weight of an entire beam can also be derived which would pretty much determine how much the steel I-beam costs.
Many steel companies offer a comprehensive service to their clients which will include determining the size and type of I-beam your project requires as well as calculating how much your steel I-beam cost.
I- Beam prices might be cheaper if coming from local suppliers that have pre-existing steel in their inventory. These prices can vary according to local taxes. You can check this link for trusted suppliers of steel beams in the US: Steel beams suppliers.
When considering the types of beams needed for your project, it would be smart to note that I-beams have optimal resistance to vertical pressure and tension.
WIDE FLANGE BEAM DIMENSIONS CHART
The web supporting the middle structure of the beam helps in redirecting the tension applied from the top flange, easing this structural compression onto the bottom flange which deals with the pressure by way of compression. Typically, if you double the height of the web, you double the amount of tension the beam can withstand. Note though that although this time-tested structural soundness of an I-beam is ideal for vertical pressure, the beam is not as good with bi-directional bending and horizontal pressure, twisting, which is also called torsion.
The idea of I-beams were conceived centuries ago, it was when people wanted to build higher structures, and it did the job well, it offered sound structural support when engineers and architects wanted their projects to be taller. The I-beams helped us achieve the height of skyscrapers. On the event of earthquakes for example, where the most extreme kind of torsion can be imagined possible, I-beams can fail to withstand this kind of pressure. Modern day architecture offers its own set of challenges for engineers.
With these considerations in mind, one can no longer ignore what the I-beams lack, more challenging modern design as opposed to the traditional cube of old buildings, would often require resistance to pressure from all sides.
Though steel companies still get demand for I-beams, more innovations in the engineering industry now demand sturdier beams that can offer more efficient deflection against tension and pressure both horizontally and vertically.
With these there tube beams as well as square beams and even roll form beams that have been tested and proven to be twice as efficient than the traditional I-beam. More Articles. Close Menu.